The mother of God in the sense that she gave birth to Jesus so that his earthly ministry could begin? Yes. But the ‘Mother of God’ as in the sense that it is used in the Roman Catholic Church? I would have to disagree. The phrase originated in AD 431 at the Council of Ephesus. One of the topics at the council was the use of the Greek term Theotókos, or “God-bearer,” in reference to Mary. The idea was adopted by the RCC catechism, and the logic behind it was this:
– God and Jesus are one.
– Mary gave birth to Jesus (God).
– Therefore, Mary gave birth to God and is the Mother of God.
The issue with this is that when one uses “God,” the totality of God is implied, and the Bible implicitly tells us that God had no beginning. God said, “I Am.” He just is. He always was, always is, and always will be. God is immortal, and Mary was not. That’s why he’s God.
2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever you had formed the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God.
1 Timothy 6:15–16
15 which he will display at the proper time—he who is the blessed and only Sovereign, the King of kings and Lord of lords, 16 who alone has immortality, who dwells in unapproachable light, whom no one has ever seen or can see. To him be honor and eternal dominion. Amen.
If one is immortal and always was, then he could have never been ‘born.’ Especially through human means. We know from the Bible that God is in three persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus), and God the Holy Spirit. All of them have had an eternal past. Yes, Jesus was conceived for his earthly ministry here, but that was not his beginning. That was the extent of the ‘birth’ of God.
Philippians give some more insight.
6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped,7 but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men.
Christ gave up his divine God-side, and was born on earth as mortal man.
51 And he went down with them and came to Nazareth and was submissive to them. And his mother treasured up all these things in her heart.
To refer to Mary as “The Mother of God” infers that she was there before God, and is therefore more powerful and divine than God. Mary can be referred to as the mother of Christ as he began his earthly ministry, but to declare otherwise is unbiblical and has no foundation in scripture.
“Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God Almighty,
who was and is and is to come!”
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